What is Stitch in Apparel?
Stitch is a very important factor in making clothes. In the apparel industry, sewing is a single bend or yarn loop, or yarn. Sewing is the basic material for making sewing, knitting, embroidery, crochet, or needle lace. There are different types of stitches, each with one or more names, and they are used for specific purposes. Stitching is the process that produces holes during the sewing process, where every hole is a stitch. stitch have different types, and here we are discussing them. Here we are going to discuss different types of stitch used in the Apparel industry.
Types of stitches
About 60-70 types of stitches are used in the apparel industry. All these types of stitches are divided into six main categories. They are
- Stitch class-100: Chain stitch
- Stitch class-200: Hand stitch
- Stitch class-300: Lock stitch
- Stitch class-400: Multi-thread chain stitch
- Stitch class-500: Overedge/ Edge neatening chain stitch
- Stitch class-600: Covering chain stitch
Stitch class-100: Chain stitch
Chain stitch is a sewing and embroidery technique where a series of loop stitches is made into a chain-like pattern. Chain stitch is an ancient craft that we find in many ancient industries. Chain stitches mimic a certain “drawing’ on a thread. It is commonly used for decorative outlines, borders, needle lace, crochet, and embroidering letters. But you can also be creative and use chain stitching in more informal ways.
Stitch class-200: Hand stitch
The origin of this class of sewing is hand sewing. It is made by a special kind of needle and sewing machine, called pick stitch sewing machine. This type of stitch is used in the coating of jackets, coats, and expensive fabrics, and stitch type-209 is used for the edges of the jacket. However, it is quite time-consuming, expensive, and rare to use. In our home, we usually use it to stitch which basically requires thread and a needle. So somewhere we all are introduced to it. Our women use this most often to sew regular clothes like blouses, dresses, pants, uniforms, etc.
Stitch class-300: Lock stitch
This type of stitch is widely used in sewing and zigzag type, lace, elastic, fabric attachments such as pockets, collars, cuffs, facing, etc. These types of stitches are safe, high strength, and extensible. The main problem with the lock stitch is that the bobbin thread has to be changed frequently due to the low capacity of the bobbin thread. This type of sewing uses more than one set of threads. A set of threads is attached to another thread and forms a bond.
Stitch class-400: Multi thread chain stitch
This type of stitch is made by sewing with a set of two or more threads. Two or more threads are also used in this type of stitching. One set of yarn is called needle thread and the other set is called looper thread. Stitch type 401 is the most common in this category. It is used for long stitching in jeans and trousers. Its extensibility is similar to that of a lock stitch.
Stitch class-500: Overedge/ Edge neatening chain stitch
Stitch type-504 is commonly used for fabric edge decoration. It is also used in many cases in the combination of lock stitch and chain stitch. Type-512 is quite suitable for sewing light fabrics. Stitch type-514 is used for thicker fabrics. This type of stitch has more extensibility. Like chain stitch, It also uses two sets or more threads
Stitch class-600: Covering chain stitch
Covering chain stitch: This type of stitch is made up of three threads. The threads are needle thread, top cover thread, and bottom cover thread. Stitch type-602 is the most common in this category. It is used to attach knit fabric from tape, lace, braid, and, elastic. This type is also used for making cover stitch, and for sewing the top of the fabric. Stitches under this group are very complex and may require up to 9 threads.