What Is GSM In Fabric? Meaning of GSM in Fabric

A Fabric has around 50 types of testing to determine its properties, strength, weight, and other quality parameter. If you are working in the textile industry or apparel industry then you must have heard about GSM. Do you know what is GSM in the Fabric, meaning GSM in the Fabric? And Where is used to measure, the importance of GSM in Fabric? And how to calculate the weight of clothes with the help of GSM. We have all the answers here in this article. In today’s article, we are going to know what is GSM, friends, when we have to extract the weight of cloth, then it becomes necessary for us to know the GSM because only with the help of GSM, the fabric’s extract can be found. Let us know what the details are below.

Know About GSM In Fabric?

There are several things to take into account when choosing fabrics for different uses, such as texture, durability, and weight. Gram per Square Metre, or GSM, is a crucial measurement that is employed in the textile industry to assess the weight or density of a cloth. A fabric’s weight in grams per square meter, or GSM, is a measurement that is frequently used to assess a fabric’s quality and thickness. This parameter is crucial for products like clothing, bedding, and upholstery since the performance and features of the finished item can be greatly impacted by the weight and thickness of the fabric. We shall discuss the idea of GSM in fabric, how it is calculated, and its importance in the textile business in this blog article. Additionally, we’ll go through various techniques for determining a fabric’s GSM and provide some advice for choosing textiles depending on their GSM.

What Is GSM In Fabric? Meaning of GSM in Fabric

What Is GSM in Fabric? Meaning of GSM in Fabric

In the textile industry, the GSM (grams per square meter) of fabric is a crucial element as it can influence its performance and characteristics. Generally, a fabric with a high GSM will be more durable and have superior insulation, while a fabric with a low GSM is lighter and more breathable, though not as robust. What GSM is most suitable for a fabric depends on the intended purpose and the desired traits of the finished item.

The acronym GSM stands for grams per square meter and is used to express the density or weight of a fabric. As an example, fabric that has a GSM of 200 indicates that each square meter of that material weighs 200 grams. This is a very commonly used Fabric parameter.

What does GSM stand for in Fabric?

The acronym GSM in fabric signifies ‘Grams per Square Meter’. This measurement is a way to calculate the fabric’s weight in relation to its area, usually presented in grams for each square meter. This calculation is crucial for various textile applications like clothing, bedding, and furniture.

How To Find/ Measure GSM Of A Fabric?

There are different methods to find out the GSM (grams per square meter) of a fabric. Here are two common methods to find:

Weighing Method:

  • 1. Cut out a fabric swatch with a known size, such as 10 cm x 10 cm.
  • 2. Weigh the fabric sample using an accurate balance or scale.
  • 3. Convert the weight to grams.

Calculate GSM by dividing the weight of the fabric sample in grams by the area of the sample in square meters. For example, if a fabric sample weighs 2 grams and has an area of 0.01 square meters (10 cm x 10 cm), the GSM would be 200 (2 divided by 0.01).

Using GSM Cutter:

  1. Use a GSM cutter to cut a fabric sample of a known area, usually 100 square centimeters.
  2. Weigh the fabric sample using an accurate balance or scale.
  3. Convert the weight to grams.

The GSM of the fabric is the weight of the sample in grams multiplied by 100.

Important Points About GSM In Fabric

Note that the gsm of a fabric can vary depending on the thickness, weave, and composition of the fabric, so it’s important to take several measurements and average them to get a more accurate value.


Ultimately, GSM (Grams per Square Meter) is an influential unit utilized in the fabric industry to estimate the heaviness or density of the material. It is significant to contemplate when selecting fabrics for different purposes since it could change the results and features of the completed product. There are numerous methods to evaluate the GSM of a material, for example, the weighing approach and GSM cutter. To attain a precise measurement, it is recommended to make multiple measurements and average them, since the GSM of a fabric may differ contingent on components like thickness, texture, and formation.

Frequently Asked Questions FAQ

What is 230 GSM in Fabric?

The Fabric is lightweight, 260 is thicker Fabric, and 290 is much thicker. The more GSM is, the fabric is more thicker and weighty. The fabric weight measurement comes in grams per square meter which shows such a number.

What Is GSM In Fabric? Meaning of GSM in Fabric

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