What are Fabric Tests in The Textile and Apparel Industry

What are Fabric Tests in The Textile and Apparel Industry

Fabric tests are a very important part of the Apparel and textile sector. Without a fabric test, we cannot purchase any fabric from the textile mill. In this world, people wear different types of clothes & their formation is more complex. There are different types of chemicals used to make fabric. Some chemicals are harmful & some chemical is beneficiary for health. Based on health & environment. Chemical expert uses different types of chemicals to make fabric. After making fabric we need to test what are the chemical uses in different parameters for fabric properties. I will explain what parameter test is needed for the fabric test.

Fabric is the material that covers our body when we wear any clothing. But is that strong enough, is it safe to wear, with no hazardous chemicals ?? To know about these things, you have to test the fabrics. So the fabric test result is the key for fabric to get qualified to use in garments.

Fabric Tests Physical Test parameters
Fig: Physical Test of Fabrics

What are Fabric Tests in The Textile and Apparel Industry?

1. Physical Tests of Fabric

  • Fiber content.
  • Fiber abrasion.
  • Fabric contractions.
  • Fabric Dimensional stability.
  • Fabric Wrinkle stability.
  • Fabric Abrasion Test
  • Fabric pilling Stability.
  • Fabric Breaking Strength.
  • Fabric tearing Strength.
  • Fabric Bursting Strength
  • Elongation test
  • Drapebility
  • Flammability Test for Fabric

2. Chemical Tests Fabrics

  • Color fastness to sunlight.
  • Colorfastness to Washing.
  • Colorfastness to Crocking.
  • Colorfastness to Perspiration.
  • Colorfastness to dry cleaning.
  • Colorfastness to Burnt Gas fumes.
  • Colorfastness to Saliva
  • Colorfastness to seawater
  • Restricted Substances List (RSL)
  • Colorfastness to Water
  • PH Test
  • Nickel spot test
  • Formaldehyde content
  • Colorfastness to ozone
  • Colorfastness to dry cleaning
  • Colorfastness to seawater
  • Colorfastness to chlorine / non-chlorine bleach

3. ECO-textile Tests of Fabrics:

  • Banned Azo Colorants and Ozone Depleting Chemicals.
  • Heavy Metal, Pesticide Residues, and Fungicides.
  • Formaldehyde Content,
What are Fabric Tests in The Textile and Apparel Industry

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