Major, Minor, and Critical Defects in Garments Industry

A defect is a kind of flaw. To maintain a good quality level, we need to know about defects produced in the garments industry. A common and popular word in the garments industry is a defect. Rejecting the item is another term for garment faults. The garments industry is prone to a variety of flaws because of criticality in the sewing process. These flaws in garment manufacturing depend on how they are categorized and how well an inspector can make judgment calls. It is unrealistic to compile a list of every possible flaw that could be found during a quality inspection. Despite this, the tables that follow do include information on the bulk of flaws. Here I am present on 3 defect categories and the defect list; Major, Minor, and Critical Defects in the Garments Industry.

Garments Defects Types/ Classification

According to the garments quality inspection, there are three categories of workmanship, functional, and appearance defects:

  1. Major Defects in the Garments Industry
  2. Minor Defects in the Garments Industry
  3. Critical Defects in the Garments Industry

Major defect

A major defect is a defect that affects the Aesthetics of the final product, the durability of the product. Due to this the garment is complained about and returned. That is, there are defects in the clothes that are noticeable. Due to this, if there is a major defect in any garment, it is returned by the customer. For example:- Some of the Major defects are Intermittent stitching, Large stitch gaps between stitches, and Problems like open seams are called major defects.

Minor defects

A minor defect is a defect that is not clearly visible to the eye. Not affecting the function, and aesthetics of the product. That is, if there is a minor defect in any garment, then there is no difficulty in buying the garment. Some examples of minor defects are explained. For example:- small uncut thread, uneven lob.

Critical defects

A critical defect is a bigger defect than the above two defects. It directly impacts product function. Generally, a critical defect renders the garments unusable. If a critical defect is found anywhere then it is better not to buy the garment. Because critical defects include various problems that render the garment unusable. Some examples of critical defects are:- Breaking something like metal and staying in clothes, No buttons in clothes, and Having problems with clothing care labels. These problems are classified as critical defects.

Major, Minor, and Critical Defects in Garments Industry

List of Major, Minor, and Critical Defects in the Garments Industry

Critical DefectMajor DefectMinor Defect
Insect in GarmentSkip StitchUncut Thread
Broken Needle in GarmentBroken StitchGathering or bunched stitching
Wet GarmentDown StitchInsecure shoulder tape
Mold in GarmentRaw EdgeDarts not properly located
Broken ButtonOpen StitchUneven Lob
Loose Button (Kids Item)PleatBroken Yarn
Melt ButtonPuckeringMiss pick
Button SharpnessTwistingNeedle mark
Nail SharpnessShort StitchOver Stitch
PO Number MistakeBarring, dye lines, and dirty marks not effected appearanceCrooked label
Style Number MistakeUneven StitchWavy Stitch
Country Code MistakeUneven JoinPrint missing
Season Number MistakeJoin StitchCollar Point inconsistence nose
Print Missing in GarmentSlantedMinor variation in shading between garment pieces
Connecting Thread (Kids Item)Print MissingDirt material that can easily be washed off.
Over MoistureBar tack MissingUneven Stitch
Style MistakeBar tack DisplacePleat (that can be easily removed).
Expired Chemical use for DyeingFabric FaultFabric bowed less than 1/4″
 Sharp edgeSheddingUntrimmed thread ends 1/2″ or less than 1/2″ (inside or top side)
Fabric flaws (slub, knot, missing, thick yarn) less than 1/4″Oil StainBarring, dye lines, and dirty marks not effected the appearance
Buttons/poppers insecure, broken, missing, or poorly attached (kids)Oil Spot The price information on hangtag missing
Rusting or tarnishing of buttons/poppersDirty Spot 
Washing symbol on the care label missingPrint Bowing 
The price information on the hangtag missingUneven Stitch Density 
 Open Seam 

Additionally, The above defect classification is factory standard but this defects classification criteria can be changed based on buyer requirements. Most garments buyer have their own defect manual on Major, Minor, and Critical Defects. But the categorization is almost similar to all.


Major, Minor, and Critical are 3 types of Defects in the Garments Industry. This category is made according to severities, defects places, and how the impact on the garment’s function, performance, and aesthetic view.

Major, Minor, and Critical Defects in Garments Industry

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